Ethnic groups in Houaphanh province
Houaphanh province has 9 ethnic groups living together, each with different traditional beauty forming a culturally diverse land.
9 ethnic groups in Houaphanh . province
1. The Hmong Houaphanh
- The Hmong people have lived in Houaphanh province for a long time. Hmoong originates from Vietnam and the southern part of China
- Habitat / Habitat: The Hmong prefer to live in the high mountains where the weather is cooler.
- Religion: Hmong people respect ghosts and ancestors.
- Traditional festival: The most important festival is the New Year of the Hmong (Nor Pae Jao) held on the first night of the lunar calendar every year. Time for celebrations about 15-30 days in each area with different timing.
- Hmong has its own language belonging to the Hmong language group - Aew Mien
- The H'mong ethnic group has many types and each type wears different traditional costumes such as women wearing white skirts, black skirts, colorful slits, but some types of women wear large, long black pants like men. All men wear long and loose black pants. Nowadays, clothes and colors are changed in modern style according to the trend.
2. Lao Loum Houaphanh . ethnic group
- Lao or Lao loum has lived in Houaphanh province for a long time
- Lao Loum likes to live in riverbanks and pain areas.
- Religion: Most Lao loum ethnic groups follow Buddhism
- Traditional festivals: Lao Loum people in Houaphanh province also have traditional festivals like the Lao Loum people living in other provinces of Lao PDR. Lao Loum has 12 traditional festivals called (Early 12) similar to all over the country.
3. Aew Mien ethnic group
- The Aew Mien ethnic group is an ethnic group that has migrated from South China to Laos for a long time.
- Diligence: Suong Mien respects ancestral spirits.
- Suong Mien likes to live in highlands, mountains, along rivers, where there are living conditions such as farming and fishing.
- Aew Mien has its own language belonging to the Mhoong language group - Aew Mien
- Traditional festival: New Year is the most important festival of the Aew Mien (Jear Sieng Rieng) held in February.
- Traditional costume: Men wear long black cotton pants, big leaves, long cotton shirt and black hat. Women wear wide-leg trousers with beautiful and colorful slits and large hats of fabric about 5-8 meters long with colorful slits.
4. Khmmu ethnic group
- Khmmu has lived in Houaphanh province for a long time. They originate from India
- Habitat: Khmmu mostly lives in the mountains
- Religion: Khmmu believes in Ma
- Language: Khmmu language belongs to Mon language group - Khmer
- Traditional festivals: BounKrer New Year Festival or Khmmu held at the end of January to the beginning of February every year
- Costumes: Men and women wear shirts with a red stripe at the bottom, women wear short shirts, and men wear ao dai. Women wear skirts, men wear long pants.
5. Taidam and Taideng . ethnic groups
- Taidam has lived in Houaphanh for many years. Taidam moved from Vietnam to Xiengkor and Meung Xone districts of Houaphanh province
- Religion: Taidam respects ghosts and ancestral spirits
- Traditional festivals: Tet Taidam calls (Ted) is the most important festival of Taidam is held in February every year
- Costume: Men wear ao dai and trousers made of indigo dyed fabric, women wear black shirt and skirt, with a black cloth headband.
- Taideng has lived in Houaphanh for thousands of years, they moved from Aarntai mountain in northern China to Houaphanh
- Religion: Taideng respects ghosts
- Clothing: Men wear round neck shirt, long dark round neck, tailored pants in dark indigo fabric, with 2 pockets; Women wear skirts with red or white lines at the waist, and short, long-sleeved tops.
6. Chinese Ethnic Group
- The Chinese people live in the North of Laos and Houaphanh Houaphanh province, they have their origin from China
- Residence area: The Hoa people like to live in highlands, mountains, along rivers. They make a living by farming, raising livestock, and hunting.
- Religion: The Chinese people respect ancestral spirits.
- Traditional festivals: Lunar New Year, also known as Boun Kin Jieng, is the biggest festival that takes place in 5 days. And there is a small New Year's festival at the ancestral cemetery.
7. Singmoon ethnic group
- Singmoon people live in Xiengkor district, Houaphanh province, Singmoon people are of Vietnamese origin.
- Living area / Residence: Singmoon people like to live in highlands, mountains and riverside. They make a living by farming, raising livestock, and hunting.
- Religion: Singmoon people respect ancestral ghosts.
- Language: Singmoon languages belong to Mon - Khmer language group
- Traditional festivals: New Year's Boun Kin Jieng and rice harvest festival are Singmoon's most important festivals
- Costumes: Men and women wear shirts with There is a border at the back of the shirt, but women wear a short shirt with long leaves, and men wear a long dress. Women wear skirts, men wear pants tied around the waist.
8. Mhoiy . ethnic group
- The Mhoiy people live in Ban Done village in Samneua district, Houaphanh province. Mhoiy originates from Vietnam
- Living area: The Mhoiy people like to live in highlands, mountains and riverside. They make a living by farming, raising livestock, and hunting.
- Religion: The Mhoiy people respect ghosts and ancestral spirits.
- Traditional festival: Tet called Tet (Ted) is the most important festival of the Mhoiy ethnic group held in February every year
. - Costume: Men wear tie pants, long leaf shirts, and headbands. black. Women wear skirts with fine weaves and short tunics.
9. Fhong . ethnic group
- Fhong ethnic group has lived in Saleuy village, Samneua district and Fan village in Huameung district since 1360. Fhong originated from Burma and China
- Habitat / Habitat: Fhong people prefer to live in highland , mountains, riverside. They make a living by farming, raising livestock and hunting
- Religion: The Fhong ethnic group is Buddhist
- Traditional festivals: Fhong has a traditional festival similar to Lao Loum. There are 12 traditional festivals called (Early 12)
- Costumes: Females wear black skirts with red border, ao dai with split leaves. Men wear pants with long sleeves, have 2 pockets and have a pink stripe at the bottom of the shirt.